Atherosclerosis: What are the consequences?
Fat streaks gradually develop in the artery and make its walls thick and hard. The latter shrinks and clogs, hampering good blood circulation. The arteries that supply the heart, neck, and legs are also the most affected. In addition, this fatty mixture of plaque can break off to form a blood clot; thus, it can pass through the blood vessels and block the flow of blood to other organs in the body.
So this can lead to:
Coronary artery disease that can cause a heart attack
Carotid artery disease that causes stroke or transient ischemic attack
The peripheral arterial disease affects the arteries that supply the lower extremities, such as the hips, legs, or even the feet.
An aneurysm is characterized by swelling of the arterial wall. It can rupture and cause bleeding in the brain and thus affect vital diagnosis.
Signs of clogged arteries
According to WebMD, clogged arteries often have no symptoms. However, when the artery is 70% blocked, symptoms such as:
In the case of coronary artery disease
The first symptom is chest pain, also called angina, which is mainly due to reduced blood flow to the heart. Difficulty breathing occurs due to a lack of oxygen in the heart and lungs. Thus, severe fatigue also appears, which slows down the blood flow to the heart, which leads to muscle weakness. Coronary artery disease can also manifest as a myocardial infarction (MI), heart attack, heart failure, or heart rhythm disturbances. Myocardial infarction occurs when an area of the heart muscle called necrosis dies. And for good reason, heart muscle cells no longer provide oxygen when coronary arteries are clogged. Symptoms of myocardial infarction may present as an exacerbation of angina pectoris and sudden, excruciating pain that may permanently radiate to the jaw, left arm, and sometimes to the back and stomach.
We will see the symptoms of a cerebral vascular accident (CVA) appear, which are characterized by
Feeling of general weakness or numbness in one part of the body. This weakness is unusual and may be a sign of fatty deposits in the arteries, causing them to narrow.
Difficulty moving an arm or leg
One-sided loss of vision
Severe headache and nausea
- As part of a peripheral disease
There is usually pain in the legs, calves, buttocks, or thighs. Therefore, even after walking or walking a short distance, you feel heaviness in the legs or pain in the feet, this may be a warning sign of clogged arteries. Inadequate blood circulation causes discomfort and pain due to clogged arteries and affects blood flow to organs. Cramps can occur even at night. Other symptoms such as cold feet or delayed healing of foot injuries may occur.