Skin cancer can be treated if detected early, so it’s important to understand how to recognize its symptoms.
Definition of skin cancer.
The two main types of skin cancer are melanoma and carcinoma. Cancer is the most common cancer in the Caucasus. On the other hand, skin cancer is less common but more dangerous.
Although it accounts for only 10% of skin cancers, it accounts for 75% of deaths from this type of cancer. According to VIDAL, about 65,000 new cases of cancer and 8,000 new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed in France every year. The main risk factors for skin cancer are:
Be careful if you have fair skin, the risk is higher.
Excessive exposure to the sun before the age of 15 (in combination with the need to protect children’s skin and not enough sunscreen, wearing t-shirts and hats);
regular exposure to sunlight and/or artificial UV rays;
Family history of skin cancer.
Several moles on your skin: Having more than 50 moles is a risk factor.
Mole: when to worry?
If a mole meets at least three criteria of the “ABCDE” rule, a dermatologist should be consulted.
A for inequality
(b) for irregular boundaries.
C for color (if the mole is discolored or abnormal)
D for diameter (must not be more than 6 mm)
Scalability: growth and/or scalability (this last criterion is the most important, if you only gave it 5, you can consult an expert)
Should I be worried if a mole is bleeding?
Are you scratched, cut, or injured? Bleeding from a mole caused by an injury is not dangerous.
If you’re at risk, get regular skin checkups.
Also, don’t forget to do a self-examination to check for moles and other lesions that meet at least three ABCDE criteria.
Undress completely and check carefully:
face and ears.
With a hair dryer to soften your skin better;
hands without forgetting about nails;
arms and armpits.
neck, chest (well visible under women’s breasts), abdomen;
Use a mirror to examine the neck, shoulders, back, buttocks, and back of the thighs.
Finally, sit down and examine your genitals in the mirror, not to mention your thighs, shins, forelegs, and fingernails.
Learn more about basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in adults (70%) and accounts for the majority of skin cancers.
It usually occurs after the age of 60 and occurs on the skin in areas exposed to sunlight. 70-80% of basal cell carcinomas are located on the face and neck.
How do they look?
In most cases, basal cell carcinoma is characterized by small, monolithic, pearl-shaped, up to several mm in diameter, raised and crossed by small blood vessels.
This type of cancer can appear as small, gradually enlarging (usually on the trunk and limbs), pink or red spots, scaly (usually on the chest and back), or permanent or white/yellow, waxy, and hard. a plaque defining its limits.
Basal cell carcinoma is often detected early, so it can be treated as effectively as possible. Surgery is the best and often the only treatment needed.
Learn more about squamous cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma, occurs in the same area of the skin but progresses more rapidly. It is less common than basal cell carcinoma (20% of skin cancers).
How do they look?
They look like small, sore, raised, red bumps and bleed easily. Squamous cell carcinomas usually appear as actinic keratosis, small scaly, red or brown bumps a few millimeters in diameter, usually in sun-exposed areas.
People with multiple actinic keratoses have a 10% risk of developing invasive squamous cell carcinoma. If actinic keratosis spreads quickly, swells, and hardens, it can be suspected that it has turned into squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma metastasizes to the lymph nodes and should be treated as soon as possible.
Learn more about skin cancer
Melanoma is cancer that arises from skin cells called melanocytes. It is the rarest form of skin cancer (10%), but it is also the most dangerous. People with fair skin and difficulty to tan are more likely to develop skin cancer.
How does it look?
Cutaneous melanoma presents as a rapidly changing pigmented lesion that resembles a mole.
Recently, this task appeared in 70-80% of cases. In rare cases, it corresponds to an existing mole that can develop into melanoma.
In most cases, melanoma has the following characteristics: an uneven outline, a raised or irregular surface, brown, black, red, sometimes blue, and large irregular streaks.
It can happen anywhere on the body. However, it is usually male