TWhile the Covid-19 pandemic may be fading for many in the rich world, software pioneer and philanthropist Bill Gates wants those in power to learn a quick lesson. in How to prevent the following Great plague (Allen Lane) he uses his technocratic approach to prepare the world for future public health emergencies. This means creating an early warning system that can detect new diseases in the population when they first start to spread; the development of better treatments and vaccine technologies that can rapidly eradicate entirely new pathogens; and to optimize processes and build manufacturing facilities that can quickly mass-produce things like emergency medicine and rapid tests. At the heart of Gates’ plan is a new organization called GERM (Global Infectious Disease Response and Mobilization), made up of thousands of experts, from epidemiologists to vaccine researchers to diplomats, who will be on standby for global threats. Between emergencies, the group will go around the world, strengthening infrastructure to prevent pandemics and encouraging governments to spend on things like disease control and scientific research. None of the book’s ideas are radical; In fact, scientists have been arguing about all these scenarios for decades. But given who’s making the recommendations, those with the power to effect change may finally be listening.
The end of the Tzar is a good time to read Apart from the hype (Elliott & Thompson) by Fiona Fox, Executive Director, Science Media Center (SMC), London. This is not a book about new science, but a story about how the place of science in society has changed in recent decades. In the early days of Covid-19, the British government repeatedly said it would “follow the science” when deciding how to respond. Every day, many experts talk about epidemiology, virology, drug discovery, and much more on TV, radio, Twitter, and elsewhere. This was not always the case. We have all benefited from the transformation of scientists from remote elites in ivory towers to engaged and accessible experts in public discourse. In his role at SMC, Fox observed this significant cultural shift from the ringside.
in This mortal coil (Bloomsbury), University of Manchester biochemist Andrew Doig presents a fascinating account of how humans die. If you think this topic might be quite pathological, don’t worry. Despite the gruesome depictions of disease and death, Doig maintains that human ingenuity over the past several thousand years, first through innovations such as agriculture and then through the use of reason and evidence, has allowed more people to survive and live longer. tells a moving story. It suppresses many major infectious diseases and is beneficial for health. For most of our species’ history, the average life expectancy was about 30. Today, thanks to centuries of hard work by farmers, doctors, health workers and others, people in the world’s most developed countries can live to be at least 70 or 80 years old. nations.
On the morning of October 8, 2013, I was in the Guardian newsroom constantly updating the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences video web page. While writing a newspaper live blog for the announcement of that year’s Nobel Prize in Physics, I watched the announcement time come and go. in Impossible (Allen Lane), Oxford University physicist Frank Cloud explained what physics laureate Peter Higgs had been up to that afternoon while I was wasting time. Questioning the choice of music owned by the Royal Swedish Academy. An attention-shy scientist wanders the Scottish Highlands, purposely keeping himself out of the way. He won the Nobel Prize in 1964 for his idea to explain why elementary particles have mass. The incorporation of the famous Higgs boson became the cornerstone of modern theoretical physics. Close’s book not only tells the story of how the Higgs idea came about, but also the decades-long effort to design, build and run the massive experiment at Cern in Geneva that discovered the boson in 2012.
Before 2021, you probably never heard the word metaverse. Today it is difficult to escape. For those who want to understand where the promise of this technology really lies. Metaverse Matthew Ball (WW Norton) is the place to start. Ball worked in the technology industry and observed the development of 3D virtual worlds in computer games such as Roblox and Fortnite. He understands the potential of digital virtual worlds for great commerce, entertainment, telemedicine or other areas of life through better remote working. But more importantly, he’s not a proponent of any particular version of how the metaverse should unfold, and is therefore rare and invaluable – a reliable guide in an otherwise self-interested world.
Cosmetic surgery is often dismissed because it is closely related to cosmetic procedures that remove wrinkles or resize body parts. But it is better to regard it as one aspect of a more important enterprise arising from the war; Seeks to restore the body and life after trauma. in The Facemaker (Allen Lane), Medical historian Lindsey Fitzharris focuses on the work of Dr. Harold Gilles, who founded Britain’s first maxillofacial department and is considered the father of modern plastic surgery. Working in the early 20th century, Gilley wanted to undo the devastating effects of the bombs and guns used in the First World War. These weapons have not only killed millions, but also maimed hundreds of thousands. Doctors had never seen such devastating injuries before, and Gillis tried to give soldiers their dignity back when he invented techniques for reconstructive surgery and bone and skin grafts.
Sticking with the human body, if you want to know exactly what you’re made of, it’s worth consulting Cell song Siddhartha Mukherjee (Bodley Head). The oncologist and prolific author delved deeply into human biology to explain what these basic functional units look like, the many ways they work, and how scientists have discovered all this knowledge since the 19th century. All diseases, from infections to cancer, involve cell deterioration or disruption in some way, so the quest to truly understand them is an urgent and ongoing saga.
The information we process through our senses—sight, smell, touch, and more—is only a fraction of what’s going on there. in A lot The world (Vintage), Ed Yong expands the window of the senses by taking us on a journey through the different ways animals perceive things. Bats “see” by emitting sound waves and analyzing what comes back. Bees can sense the electric field around the flower, and with their UV-sensitive eyes, the flower looks like a bull’s eye. Birds can detect magnetic fields and use this information to guide them on long journeys. Yong’s colorful and character-filled writing reveals a multidimensional world that has been hidden from us until now. He also warns – urban noise and light pollution, which can only upset people, can have a more serious effect on animals, inadvertently confusing their sensitive world and sometimes endangering them.