It usually results from fatty deposits in the arteries and is a common problem; Atherosclerosis reduces blood flow to organs such as the heart and brain. If a person has the peripheral arterial disease, especially in the lower extremities, he is not getting enough blood. We note that more than 200 million people worldwide suffer from peripheral artery disease of the lower extremities.
One of the main symptoms is joint pain and cracking in the legs and hands caused by physical activity, which disappears after a few minutes. We’re talking about downtime here. But there are other symptoms:
Aching pains in the buttocks, thighs, and back of the legs after exertion, such as walking or climbing stairs.
Knee numbness or joint weakness.
Unlike the other side of the body, the lower legs or feet feel cold.
Non-healing sores on toes, feet, and legs.
Leg color change.
Hair loss and growth disorders (slowing of legs and feet).
Absent or weak pulses in legs and feet.
Peripheral artery disease is often caused by atherosclerosis. As fat builds up in the artery walls, blood flow decreases. Since the heart is the first organ to be damaged by atherosclerosis, the disease affects arteries throughout the body and can damage organs and limbs.
In rare cases, PAD can be caused by vasculitis, wounds, ligaments, or anatomical abnormalities of the muscles. Other factors contribute to the development of the disease, such as:
High cholesterol levels.
Lack of movement
If your peripheral artery disease is caused by atherosclerosis, you are more likely to have:
Critical limb ischemia: This disease begins with non-healing open wounds and inflammation of the legs and feet. When these ulcers develop, severe ischemia can occur, leading to tissue death (gangrene), sometimes necessitating amputation of the affected limb.
Stroke and heart attack: The hardening of the arteries that causes symptoms of PAD doesn’t just stop in the legs. Fatty deposits build up in the arteries that feed the heart and brain, leading to strokes and heart attacks.
How to prevent peripheral artery disease?
This disease can be prevented only by timely diagnosis. If you suffer from it or want to protect yourself from its appearance, you should make the following changes in your life.
If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar regularly.
Exercise regularly for at least thirty minutes a day, such as walking.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Stay well hydrated (two liters of water per day).
Eat a variety and balance of good fats, such as olive oil, avocados, flaxseeds, almonds, and even fish and green vegetables.