The gap between human creativity and artificial intelligence seems to be narrowing. Previous studies have compared AI-generated poems and human-written poems to see if humans can tell the difference between them.
Now, research led by Yoshiyuki Ueda of Kyoto University’s Institute for the Future of Man and Society has shown that artificial intelligence can create literary art such as haiku, the world’s shortest form of poetry, to rival that of humans without human assistance.
Ueda’s team compared AI-generated haiku without human intervention a person out of the loopor hotel, in a different way called the person in the loopor HITL.
The project involved 385 participants, who each rated 40 haiku poems (20 each for HITL and HOTL) plus 40 poems composed by professional haiku writers.
“It was interesting that the evaluators had a hard time distinguishing human-composed haiku from AI-generated haiku,” Ueda said.
According to the results, HITL haiku received the highest praise for its poetic quality, while HOTL and human-only poems scored equally.
“Furthermore, there is a phenomenon called opt out of the algorithm observed among our raters. “They were supposed to be one-sided, but on the contrary, they were influenced by a kind of psychology,” the author explained.
“In other words, they unconsciously tended to give lower scores to those they perceived as artificial intelligence.”
Ueda points out that his research focuses on algorithmic deviance, a new approach to AI art.
“Our results show that AI capabilities in the field of haiku creation are advancing by leaps and bounds and are entering the realm of more creative creations with humans. Realizing that algorithms are defiant will force people to reevaluate their own values. AI art.”